When constructing a new building, it’s important that there is a strong and solid foundation to keep the building sturdy and safe throughout its life and use. Foundations will keep the building in place as well as transfer the weight and load of the building into the ground. There are a few different types of foundations that can be used for buildings, including shallow foundations for homes and lighter buildings, and deeper foundations that are used to support heavier buildings or when the ground is not thick or stable.
Deep Foundation Construction
Deep foundations, no matter the type of building, will keep the building safe and secure, even though the ground may not be very stable. It’s important to have a strong foundation so that the building will not shift, settle, and crack, or even fall apart if the ground is washed away by a storm. Deep foundations are constructed by forcing vertical beams into the ground, well below the surface. These will go as deep as necessary to provide a firm foundation—the depth depends on the how deep the stable soil is.
Especially important in buildings greater than one story, or buildings at beach or marsh locations, pile foundations are stable enough to create a sturdy base. Commercial piling services are used to force piles deep into the ground to build this base. While bedrock is the best foundation on which to construct a building, there are many areas throughout the world that don’t have the luxury of bedrock. Using piles is a great way to mimic the strength and stability of bedrock even when building on silt, loose clay, or in a marsh.
Raised structures depend on pile foundations to keep the building safe, as there is a large concentration of weight and force in a very small area when you build a raised building. In addition, if you will be building in an area that is prone to high winds or to seismic activity, building on a pile foundation will provide much needed security to your building.
Piles can be created from a number of different materials, including steel, timber, and concrete. They are often made of a mixture of concrete and steel. These composite piles are especially strong. There are two ways to install piles into the ground—drilling a hole and then filling it with concrete or simply forcing the pile into the ground with large machinery.
No matter the size of your building or where it will be located, it’s imperative that you take the time to ensure that it has a strong foundation. Nothing else is as important in keeping your building in one piece and the occupants safe. Working with an experienced piling company will help you rest easy that your building is as secure as possible.